What is Yoga – 6 Explore different types of yoga
What is Yoga :
Yoga is usually understood as a unified process. This unity is multifaceted. In one dimension, it is the unity of systems that exist within human beings. Emotional, physical, mental and spiritual systems. Generally speaking, people think that there are five different systems in human life.
These are usually called koshas and are the sheaths of the body, powerful, spiritual, subtle and happy. In the current understanding of yoga, we are trying to combine these five physical or human dimensions. Another unification process occurs between individual consciousness and universal consciousness.
This harmony is often called meditation and is one of the main changes that occur in yoga practice. Concentration from a different perspective is a conceptual shift in which the disappointment of the world is transformed in order to see the truth behind reality in its purest form.
Systematic yoga has evolved into different branches, through which people seek the evolution and unity of the elements in existence. Each branch has its own unique set of ideas and concepts. It defines a completely unified process and final realization.
There is no right or wrong in the yoga system. Because each system has its own characteristics. It is customized according to the various characteristics and individual needs of human existence. Each system is designed to adapt to different personality types.
Yoga has become a comprehensive system that can be practiced by almost anyone interested in spiritual life. Practices such as Wisdom Yoga are very suitable for people with philosophical thinking. Although bhakti yoga is suitable for people who are emotionally sensitive and easy to give, in this article, we will review more traditional yoga practices from the spiritual tradition of yoga.
These yoga traditions are only 500 years old and there are already thousands of them. Although many modern yoga practices are prescribed by different teachers, the system we are talking about is a legacy system that has existed for many generations.
1. Bhakti Yoga
The first system that we will discuss is bhakti yoga. Bhakti Yoga is a practice in which spiritual practitioners focus on developing a state of gratitude in their minds and hearts. In bhakti yoga, a strong sense of faith is needed because people need to obey God through the process of self-obedience.
Therefore, the practice and techniques of Bhakti Yoga are designed to help give up oneself and embrace the mind of its creator with love. The typical practices of bhakti yoga are Kirtan (singing/singing), japa (repeated chanting) and meditation on the sacred.
Generally speaking, the practice of bhakti yoga is best practiced by people who have a good relationship with their emotions. And can accept the more sensitive feelings of oneself and others. When a cultivator dedicated his life to a god. Strong love determines the practice of bhakti yoga. Believing in God or a higher self is essential to practice. Without it, it is almost impossible to practice bhakti yoga.
The devotion performed by the bhakti yogi is not a slave of God. On the contrary, it is a relationship full of love, friendship and fellowship. In bhakti yoga, people see God as a friend, lover, father or mother through this relationship in bhakti practice. Yoga Bhakti yoga has many aspects.
There are many deities worshiped in yoga, including Shiva, Vishnu, Brahman, Parvati, etc. In addition to the metaphysical form of gods, people can also worship saints or teachers in their practice. The main purpose of this method is to help put aside the self and combine individuality with universality.
2. Karma Yoga
Karma is an aspect of human life.. Take responsibility for our thoughts, feelings and actions. Yoga believes that karma will promote the cycle of rebirth. Because past actions and events force us to live another life on earth to balance the spiritual and cosmic inequalities that we assign to us. When the accumulated karma is balanced or destroyed, the cycle of life and death ceases.
The soul returns to its origin in the sacred universe. The practice of Karma Yoga directly solves the main points of life. And strive to eliminate the influence of karma through disciplinary actions, and separate human influence from karma. This separation occurs through a separation process in which a person is separated from the gains or losses of his actions in the world.
Karma yoga practice is usually based on a person’s Dharma or responsibility in the world. Buddhism is defined by the past behavior of individuals. Including the past of this life and the past of the past. In some respects, Dharma is the most effective way for individuals to spend time on earth to achieve spiritual progress. Because it depends on the true ability and potential of the individual.
One of the main components of Buddhism is to act in the world, regardless of whether your actions are good or bad. Practitioners live and act in this world without any expectations or impressions of what the future should look like. Focus on selfless service.
Working for the better. Unlike the individual’s desire for independence, the practice of karma yoga is gradual. Because everyone will gradually release the shackles of karma and liberate the soul from the shackles of the self-centered thought process.
Although a karma yogi can practice techniques such as asanas, breathing exercises, and meditation, the main focus of his spiritual practice is service and action. Emphasis on selflessness and humility The first mention of karma yoga is the dialogue between Arjuna and Krsna in the Bhagavad Gita.
In this conversation, Krishna told Ashuna that when he dedicated his actions to God, (in this case, Krishna) he was able to combine his consciousness with Krishna’s Consciousness combined. Krishna encouraged Arjun to perform his duties without worrying about or considering the benefits or losses of his actions. He told Arjuna that the act on behalf of Krsna (or God) will bring about the liberation he intends to achieve.
3. Kundalini Yoga
Kundalini Yoga is a kind of yoga practice, which originated from the practice of Tantric Yoga. In the past, Tantric Yoga was considered to be one of the oldest spiritual forms still practiced today. One of the main components of Tantric Yoga is the merger of Kundalini, which is considered to be the original power inherent in everyone.
The practice of Kundalini Yoga is to control and utilize the potential of Kundalini energy in the body. Kundalini Yoga is different from other yoga systems. This can be a very unstable yoga practice. Because if it is not properly controlled, the release of Kundalini energy can cause severe physical and mental pain.
Therefore, the practice of Kundalini Yoga is a very advanced system. And generally only people with a high level of cultivation can practice. One of the prerequisites of Kundalini Yoga is a healthy mind and a healthy body. Otherwise, the release of Kundalini energy may be dangerous or even fatal.
A specific psychological term has been developed for people who fall into dementia due to insufficient Kundalini energy release, called Kundalini Syndrome. In Kundalini Yoga, the techniques presented are designed to help awaken Kundalini energy.
It is now defined as raw energy. Kundalini is also called snake energy. Before awakening, the Kundalini energy is located at the base of the spine in the form of a zigzag line. When released, the Kundalini energy moves up the spine and toward the crown. According to the purification of the energy channels along the spine called the chakras, Kundalini reached its final destination with the head stuck in one of the chakras. Generally speaking, Kundalini Yoga starts by cleaning all chakras.
This cleansing helps balance the flow of air in the body. The energy flow in a balanced state can strengthen the body and mind. After purifying the body, mind and energy channels, Kundalini Yoga practitioners begin to work hard to release Kundalini energy. The purification process is the basic quality of the practice because it ensures that the kundalini energy flows evenly through the chakra system.
In order to purify the chakras and release Kundalini energy, various techniques are used. This includes yoga asanas (postures), pranayama (breathing exercises), meditation and mudra (postures) specifically designed to help regulate energy and awaken Kundalini.
Kundalini Yoga should not be practiced through self-training. Unlike other yoga systems, anyone who is interested in practicing Kundalini Yoga needs to find an expert and yoga instructor to guide them through the entire process. This is very important without this advice. Severe physical and mental disorders may occur.
This is because Kundalini energy is a very powerful element in the human body. Unless the veins of body, mind, and qi are completely purified, they should not be reconciled. There are many stories about people who released Kundalini Yoga prematurely and found themselves nervous and confused. There are many books published about Kundalini Yoga. People who have experienced Kundalini energy tend to suggest experienced and very attentive teachers to guide practitioners through the Kundalini Yoga system.
4. Hatha Yoga
The word Hatha has many meanings. Usually divided into 2 words, Ha and Tha. The meaning of this sentence can be interpreted as the sun and the moon. It can also be said that these two words are beja mantra or the original sound responsible for the formation of matter.
At the same time, ha refers to the energy body, and tha refers to the spiritual body. No matter what explanation we decide to believe or follow. An important part of Hatha Yoga is balancing energy polarity. (Ada and Hepingla) Purify the body and mind in the body.
In the modern context, most people think Hatha Yoga is exercise. Even if it is not wrong, Hatha Yoga has more philosophies and techniques to deal with the more sensitive aspects of the human system. One of the important elements of Hatha Yoga is the purification element. In Hatha Yoga, purification occurs in many aspects of human beings: body, spirit, energy, and emotion are all purified.
It is believed that when the whole body is purified, the spiritual progress of self-liberation is also possible. Unlike Raja Yoga, which we will discuss later, Hatha Yoga does not explain the prerequisites of moral values before performing yoga techniques. Hatha Yoga starts with the purification techniques of yoga postures or asanas and pranayama.
Once you have a good understanding of these two exercises, you will use more advanced techniques including Shatkarmas (purification of the body), Pranayama (purification of Nathi), Mudras (energy guide), Bundhas (energy block) and other samadahs Ground (self) cause technology. success). ) You can practice
Like most yoga practices, Hatha Yoga believes that meditation and meditation techniques can only be practiced after the body and mind are pure. Without this preparation, this approach is useless. Because training is useless. Hatha Yoga originated from a series of texts between 500-1500 AD. The Hatha Yoga we are talking about is the youngest yoga. The main content is Hatha Yoga Pradip Pika completed in the 16th century.
Hatha Yoga can be considered as an introductory exercise for the advanced yoga system, but it has the ability to lead to spiritual liberation. Hatha Yoga is a more gentle yoga system. Most people can practice and start practicing without a healthy body and mind. Therefore, for many people who want to use yoga to help them achieve spiritual freedom, this is an exercise.
5. Raja Yoga
Yoga Royal Way Yoga is considered the Royal Way, literally translated as Royal League in Sanskrit. The Raja Yoga System of Kings comes from the teachings of the Yoga Sutras written by Patanjali between 100 and 300 AD. Yoga is led by Ptanjali’s Yoga Sutras and differentiation. Different things separate the two.
Here, we focus on the traditional King Yoga system practiced in India since the origin of the Buddhist scriptures. Raja Yoga is a method of intuition and spiritual awareness.
Therefore, these two facilities are essential for spiritual growth. Some spiritual teachers, such as Swami Tureyananda (Swami Tureyananda) believe that King Yoga is practiced after undergoing a major transformation through introductory yoga practice.
Even other masters believe that after experiencing the initial stage of meditation, they began to practice King Yoga. Therefore, Raja Yoga is not a practice for most people. In the Yoga Sutras, Patanjali briefly describes the prerequisites for the ultimate yoga technique. Most yoga sutras are dedicated to understanding and controlling the mind.
Including the four realms: heart, buddha, magic power, arrogance; a little worried about how the brain works. As well as the various levels and dimensions that exist in the mind, and the rest of the content inspection steps.
The process one must go through on the path of self-realization, and pay attention to the various traps that may occur along the way. The Raja Yoga system is usually described in these techniques, which include:
- Yama-Code of Conduct and Self-Control
- Niyama: A religious ceremony dedicated to practice and discipline.
- Asana: Create a stable seat for body and mind.
- Pranayama: control breathing. It leads to harmony and balance of body and mind.
- Pratyahara: The sensory organs that remove the sensory organs from the external environment are five sensory organs. (If the mind is included, then six)
- Dharana- concentration
- Dhyana- meditation
- Samadhi: self realization, or a super conscious state of being.
These eight elements constitute the systematic methods and exercises of Raja Yoga. Like Kundalini Yoga, King Yoga requires a lot of guidance and guidance. There are not many potential problems and failures. Therefore, those who are interested in practicing Raja Yoga must find a teacher or guru who has a complete system and a state of true self-awareness.
6. Jnana Yoga
practice Jana Yoga is easy to understand through the two words “jana” and “yoga”, which together mean “combined with wisdom”. Practicing Chana Yoga is a practical system of Western thought. It usually accesses things through intelligent and rational refutation.
Although these two aspects were later abandoned. But Jana Yoga started with rational inquiry and rational observation. Although Jana Yoga advocates belief in God or supreme being. But there is no need to believe.
Therefore, it can be used by rational atheists. Most of the techniques used in Jana Yoga refer to the rebuttal process of observing various aspects of life.
The process of self-inquiry and inquiry will proceed as the practitioner gradually eliminates illusions and misunderstandings from his mind, because he is working towards the most basic truths of nature. Practicing Jana Yoga can be understood with a simple Sanskrit phrase “neti neti”, which is publicly translated as not this. It’s not like this. In Jana Yoga, one removes the hierarchy.
The onion leaves the mind until it reaches the center. Is it emptiness or invisible? There are four main guidelines for Gana Yoga to help practitioners achieve self-realization. Because Jana Yoga is the first and most important exploration system. Therefore, techniques such as pranayama and asanas are not needed to achieve self-awareness.
The four commands of Jana Yogi are: Viveka-discrimination. (Between truth and lies); Vairagya- detachment (from attachment and the world of mind and body); clear-sampy- six virtues (peace, femininity (sensory control), uparati (extra centrifugal), titiksha (resistance), shraddha ( Faith) and concentration (focus); and Mumukshutva-longing ambition.
If you have read this article to find a yoga system that can help you grow spiritually. You should delve into the system that seems to suit your needs and habits. Not everyone practices yoga for self-realization. Each yoga system has its own benefits, and these benefits will develop with practice.
Therefore, it can be practiced without any intention to perceive it. Although the ultimate goal of yoga is liberation. There are many benefits to practicing yoga, and these benefits will come naturally when the body, mind, and human energy are purified. As mentioned above, if you decide to start practicing Raja Yoga or Kundalini Yoga, it is best to consult an experienced guide before starting the practice.
However, in the final analysis, every yoga system requires a well-trained instructor or master who can guide students through a specific yoga system.
Each style we mentioned is unique and there is nothing wrong or right or better than the others. In fact, there are thousands of yoga styles. However, what we mentioned above is the main branch of yoga practice. When choosing exercises, choose behaviors that are consistent with your personality and character.
From there it will help you to establish a good relationship with your practice and proceed gradually. Bring it into your daily life. Continuous practice provides the best opportunities for personal growth and transformation.