what foods to avoid in pregnancy :
It is important to consider the nutritional needs of the mother and baby during pregnancy. Even if you are dining with two, you should avoid certain foods to ensure that your baby has a good start in life.
fruits and vegetables
It is recommended to eat more fruits and vegetables to increase vitamin intake. But be sure to wash fresh fruits, salads and vegetables with warm water first to avoid contaminants that may contain toxoplasmosis. It is a parasitic infection that can cause brain damage or blindness in an unborn baby. Avoid moldy fruits and vegetables. Due to the high temperature, experts recommend not to eat grapes in the last three months.
There is also some evidence that papaya is a latex-rich fruit that can stimulate uterine contractions and induce premature birth. However, ripe papaya is a good source of vitamins during pregnancy.
Pregnant women should eat at least two eggs a day, because they help the baby’s brain and retina development. Be especially careful when cooking eggs and avoid using raw egg products such as homemade mayonnaise, ice cream, cream and fresh Caesar sauce. In this regard,
The products purchased in the store are usually good. But raw eggs or undercooked eggs can cause salmonella food poisoning. Salmonella can cause headache, vomiting, fever, severe stomach pain, and diarrhea.
Certain soft cheeses should be avoided. Especially mature cheeses with mold and blue spots. Cheeses such as Brie cheese, Camembert cheese, Chevrolet cheese, Danish blue cheese, Gorgonzola cheese, Roquefort cheese and some Mexican soft cheeses.
They are made of fungi that contain bacteria called Listeria. And lead to abortion, stillbirth or serious illness of the newborn. Symptoms of Listeria infection can take up to six weeks to appear and may include fever. If the infection spreads to the nervous system, muscle pain and nausea, you may feel confused, awake, loss of balance and convulsions
In addition, avoid using unpasteurized milk. If you only get pasteurized milk, it is recommended to boil it first.
Make sure all meats are cooked to avoid food poisoning. Avoid starches and other liver products because they are rich in vitamin A. Your body needs vitamin A during pregnancy because it’s good for your immune system. However, your body stores vitamin A naturally, and too much vitamin A may be harmful to your baby. Avoid cooked meats, such as pastrami, salami, and parmesan, as these can increase the risk of Listeria infection.
Fresh fish is an excellent source of nutrition in the diet during pregnancy. It is low in fat and high in protein.. But you should not eat raw seafood such as oysters, mussels and sushi. Avoid high-mercury fish such as sharks, mackerel, and swordfish. Tuna can also be considered a high-mercury fish. You limit your tuna intake to 12 ounces of fresh or four small cans per week.
Alcohol and caffeine
Alcohol and caffeine should be consumed in moderation. Especially in the first three months, the risk of miscarriage is greatest.
Too much caffeine can cause babies to be underweight at birth. Doctors also noticed caffeine withdrawal in newborns whose mothers consume too much. If you must drink decaffeinated coffee, you should limit your daily intake to two cups.
In addition, for the same reason, pay close attention to your intake of chocolate, tea, and caffeinated soft drinks. Heartburn may be the main area of discomfort for pregnant women, but it does not pose a risk to the baby.
But there are some foods that can be avoided to minimize these side effects. Avoid spicy or high-fat foods. Mustard, vinegar, chocolate and rich citrus fruits help reduce acidity.
It is best to check the labels on the food prepared in the supermarket to avoid adding additives such as MSG, which can cause stomach upset and headaches.
Although some foods should be avoided. However, it is recommended to eat more to ensure that you and your baby get enough vitamins, minerals, fat and protein. Avocado, olive oil, nuts, oatmeal, lentils and yogurt. These are just a few foods you can eat for a healthy pregnancy.